Sweater Reuters : sweater with yarn or wool fiber yarn woven into the knitted garments in general. Sweater is soft , flexible, and is an ideal warm clothing , and because of its style and pattern changes quickly, colorful, so it is still an art decorations. With the improvement of people's consumption level , the pursuit of individuality and natural beauty , sweaters especially favored in recent years, with the home knitting machine ( horizontal plane ) into an increase in the supply of various varieties of the common household materials and markets, wool Shirts have become men and women, the most common of the four seasons of knitted garments suitable for all ages .
( A ) Classification sweater
Sweater different according to their selection of raw materials , roughly following categories:
1 . Pure wool sweater
Pure wool knitted cashmere sweater mainly uses a single strand of wool or knitting yarns .
2 . Cashmere sweater
Pure cashmere sweater woven . Texture soft, smooth, and shiny, warmer than wool sweater . Variety domestic market supply , mostly joined by 5% to 15% cashmere yarn woven nylon , which is about twice the abrasion resistance can be improved .
3 . Rabbit sweater
As the rabbit fiber is shorter, generally use 30% or 40% angora and wool blended woven together .
4 . Camel sweater
Camel sweater generally use 50% of camel wool and wool blended yarn woven from the system , its warm and strong , easy to wear from the ball, because it has a natural pigment , it can only use the original color dark or stained .
5. Mohair sweaters
Also known as angora mohair , because long thick and shiny fiber for the production of products nap .
6. Acrylic sweater (or acrylic bulky sweater )
Acrylic using acrylic bulky knitted cashmere sweater woven . The warm and good fabric , color translation bright shade better than wool, high strength , feel good , light , good weather resistance , and resistance to washing.
7 . Blend Sweater
Most blend sweater with wool / acrylic or wool / viscose blended yarn woven , which is characterized by soft, warm and good, cheaper products .
The above are basic raw material supply in the market . Wool , cashmere, mohair , angora , camel belong to natural fibers are generally more upscale varieties for knitting , acrylic is a chemical fiber , and the rest of it is commonly used in a variety of blended yarn woven in the low block products.
(B ) the main characteristics of several raw
1 . Wool fibers
Wool fiber is an elongate shape of the cylindrical body , which layer is composed of flakes , cortex and medulla layer. Since the flakes have directivity, under certain conditions of heat and soap , rubbing with the effect of mechanical forces , so that the wool fibers have excellent fulling . Wool fiber diameter in the 18 to 42 micron , the finer the fiber , the number of branches can be spun on a high relative strength is high, curl , flexibility like.
According to the provisions of the International Wool Secretariat , for the pure wool fiber spun yarn using the " Woolmark " Figure ( 1 ) .
1 . Cashmere fiber
Cashmere fiber from goats comb caught beneath the hairy covering proceeds fluff. Lint from the cuticle layer and cortical layers , no medullary layer . Its average fineness of 15 to 16 microns , the fine wool fibers is minimum . Strength and elongation and elastic deformation of cashmere and wool than good , so cashmere soft, waxy smooth and warm and good quality characteristics , is a precious raw materials. More valuable is that it has a natural color , with white cashmere most expensive .
3 . Mohair
Mohair goats originating in Angola . Coarse wool fibers belonging to coarse hair. Surface scales less blunt , shiny bright silver fiber appearance , flexibility is especially good, much better than wool , with a noble style.
4 . Angora fiber
Angora wool is cut off from the body of the rabbit wool fibers . Angora fiber color white, shiny, nature soft, waxy slippery , and there is good insulation. Most of average fiber fineness of 10 to 15 microns. Rabbit surface scales arranged very closely , no curl , fiber bulk , not spinning , general and wool, nylon, acrylic blends.
5. Camel hair fibers
Bactrian camel camel hair fibers are actually caught during epilation comb down the hair. Slim wool fibers , natural color, pale brown. Very soft , with a particularly good thermal performance , strength . Not suitable for spinning raw materials, most of the high count wool blend .
6. Acrylic ( polyacrylonitrile fiber )
Excellent characteristics mimicking acrylic wool has a unique feel soft, bulky good , better flexibility. Very like the feel and appearance of wool , it is " artificial wool ," said. Its good dyeing properties , colorful , warm and strong .
7 . Yarn
General use of wool and acrylic, rayon and other man-made chemical fiber or blended by a certain percentage . It can combine the advantages of both , and reduce costs.